Progressive Era: 1890–1920s: Native Americans Fight for Land, Identity, & Education
"With wild men, as with wild beasts, the question whether to fight, coax, or run, is a question merely of what is easiest or safest in the situation given."
- 1870s U.S. Indian commissioner Francis Amasa Walker
This souvenir postcard was made in San Francisco in the early 1900s, and shows the ambivalent ways in which whites viewed Native Americans at that time. One Native American man is posed fully clothed and seated against a classical background, embodying the popular white view of Native Americans as capable of "civilization." These views would continue to shape California dealings with Native Americans up until the 1950s.