This powder horn was used during the Mexican American War and has "Battle of Palo Alto May 8 & 9, 1846. Monterey Sept 22 & 23 Buenavista Feb. 23" stained on it.
The Battle of San Pasqual, fought east of San Diego on Dec. 6, 1846 durning the Mexican American War. The sketch shows Californios (native Californians of Mexican descent) fighting U.S. soldiers. The bloodiest battle fought in California, San Pasqual represented the determination of the Californios to resist American expansionism during the Mexican War.