Early Statehood: 1850 – 1880s: Federal Indian Policy & the Modoc War
This image depicts a group of Modoc women in the area of the lava beds. Two men, dressed in militia outfits stand beside them. Following the surrender of Captain Jack, the remaining Modoc were sent to reservations in Oklahoma. Many died there. The remaining survivors were allowed to return to the Klamath reservation in the early 20th century.