Early Statehood: 1850 – 1880s: Railroads Tie California to the Rest of the Nation
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Entering Black Hills, Carmichael's Cut, Granite Canyon. 1868. Andrew J. Russell, photographer. Imperial collodion glass plate negative. Collection of Oakland Museum of California. ACCN # H69.459.1845.
A railroad cut or cutting is the right-of-way cut through a hill so the rail track can lie relatively flat.